Guitars have a numerous variety of brands and types. There are various types of guitars from the vintage to the modern:
01. Acoustic Guitars
For this type of guitar, they are split into two categories:
- The steel string acoustic
- The classical guitar
a. Steel-String Acoustic Guitar:
This type of guitar produces a metallic sound majorly that you hear in different genres of music; they as flattop guitars. Their most visible distinctions from the classical guitars are their wider neck and the fact that you string the fingerboard with nylon strings.
b. Classical Guitar:
This guitar, alternatively known as the Spanish guitar as per their origin, is made to play solo and classical tunes.
The acoustic guitar serves as essential to the guitar playing world because of its unique features such as its portability which makes it very easy to carry around. It also carries an air of intimacy making it the perfect fit for places like churches, cafes, etc. beyond that it can even suit larger occasions when coupled with the use of an amplification device at the front of its soundhole. For a guitarist just beginning his career, this serves as an excellent guitar to learn with.
02. Electric Guitars
These guitars possess a solid body structure enabling them to be able to be connected to an amplifier. They give off a sound that is metallic with somewhat of a long decay, and because of these qualities, it is constructed to have a shallow resonating body, causing the design of most electric guitars such as the Fender Stratocaster and the Gibson Les Paul to have a thin body shape and contour.
In comparison to acoustic guitars, their strings are far thinner so that pressing the strings with much force is not needed. Because of their thin nature, you can easily bend the strings on this guitar and have clear access to the twelfth fret. The use of equipment like the whammy bar can also give this guitar a unique style. They often possess an industrial type of design which considers both the look of the guitar as well as the efficiency of the shape of the guitar.
03. Electro-Acoustic Guitars
These are acoustic guitars that possess a magnetic pickup or a microphone, and they also are unique in that they are able to plug into a soundboard without necessarily needing a microphone. One of their advantages is their application to different music genres, with both the sound of the acoustic guitar and an increased volume.
You will also notice that these guitars have a microphone attached to them, which requires a preamplifier integrated into the guitar body to help amplify the signal before it travels to the amp.
04. Twelve String Guitars
These guitars have both the regular six strings the standard strings have, and an extra set of six thinner strings which have similar notes to their regular string set counterpart. Both the regular and extra strings form pairs which imply that you would be playing the twelfth string in the same manner as the six string.
The twelve string gives out a brighter tone than that of the six string. The widespread use of the twelve-string is in playing rhythms because of the effort required in playing it like a lead guitar.
05. Archtop Guitars
This guitar can serve both as a hollow steel-string acoustic guitar or a semi-hollow electric guitar. Its carved top structure coupled with their internal sound block produces a timbre of a combination of mellow and acoustic tone. For this reason, jazz guitarists have made it their number one choice of guitar to play.
The very distinctive difference between the acoustic archtop guitar and the electric archtop guitar is the electromagnetic pickup and pots present in the electric guitar, aside from that they are pretty much the same. They serve as a pleasure guitar of a very high standard due to both their construction and their playability.
The archtop guitars usually have three pegheads on each side and a neck of similar width with that of an acoustic steel-string. The back of this guitar is often carved out of solid wood using a solid top or more cheaply using a lamination.
The original intention of producing the archtop guitar was to improve volume; hence they are usually constructed with heavy strings and occasionally have their backs made of curly maple or quilted maple.
06. Steel Guitars
With Hawaiian origins, the steel guitar has been newly introduced to European guitarists by locals of Hawaii. This guitar has an unconventional style of being played which is horizontal and flat across the player’s lap, and this style involves the use of alternative tunings and slides.
The locals were able to better control the slides by laying the guitar down on their laps, and in response to this, the construction of this guitar was made to be rectangular which made them more suited to their style of play.
The strings of this guitar are raised both at the nut and the bridge end of the fretboard; also the strings are of high contact to the neck surface, such that even if there are frets present, they are used strictly for reference purposes and often replaced by the markers.
07. Touch Guitars
These are guitars constructed to provide a fretboard tapping style of play. Dating back to the 1950s, they are built to be touched or tapped to play rather than strummed.
Their bodies are designed with mahogany wood and their necks with ebony fretboards. The tapping style used to play this guitar mean to play the fretted string with a vibrating motion which is entirely different from the popular standard style of playing which is to fret with one hand while picking the other.
08. Resonator Guitars
The resonator guitar belongs to the family of acoustic guitars, and they produce their sound by conducting string vibrations through the bridge to single or multiple resonators. These were designed to be louder than ordinary acoustic guitars, and they also have a distinct tone adopted in the blues genre of music.
The resonator guitars are made in two different styles which include the square-necked guitar, which you play like a lap guitar, and the round-necked guitar, which can be played like a lap guitar too but can also work as a traditional acoustic.
They make them with either wood, metal, or other different types of materials.
You will notice that these special features aim to contribute to sound amplification with the aid of a single or multiple metal cones. The underlying idea of this guitar is to make these guitars louder with the use of metal cones that resonate in the body of the guitar itself.
They tend to be designed with three major designs:
- Single-cone design: The cone serves as a support to the wood biscuit that extends to supporting the strings.
- Tri-cone: This provides the guitar with an increased range of sound that appears to be mellower.
- Doboro: Popularly identified by their trademark by Gibson, they use an inverted cone to give support to the bridge which goes on to support the string.
09. Bass Guitars
Bass guitars are very similar to the electric guitar in their construction, however, they have a longer neck and have a more extensive scale length with four to six strings. The bass guitar is a transposing instrument played primarily with the fingers either by plucking the string, slapping the string, strumming, and tapping, thumping, or picking the string.
They are commonly made with wood and stints of other materials like graphite and other lightweight materials. The body is mainly known to be made of mahogany, maple for the neck, and ebony for the fingerboard. They are also known to have solid frames and hollow chambers to increase resonance of the guitar. For their fingerboard design, they can either have frets or no frets.
10. Double Neck Guitars
These are guitars that have many fretboard necks, of which most of them are the electric version with twelve strings on the upper part of the neck and six strings on the lower part of the neck.
One of the advantages of the double neck is that they enable the guitarist to quickly and easily switch between sounds without having to change the guitar. In the modern day you will happen to find some hybrid combinations of six strings and bass guitars; also it is not impossible to find fretless guitars or a combination of the guitar neck and pick up styles.